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                      7月20日雅思大作文真題參考范文 | 到底該如何平衡生活和工作?

                      2019/07/2505:01關鍵詞:  

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                              2019年7月20日雅思大作文題目:工作與生活難以平衡的原因及解決辦法

                        “Most people try to balance between their work and other aspects of their lives. Unfortunately, few people are able to do this. What are the main problems people are facing and are there possible solutions?

                        ”

                        解析&審題

                        本題是2012年3月8日的原題重現,是一個非常古老的題目,事實上,這個話題本身也是大家討論多年的話題,沒有什么新意。

                        本題要求烤鴨們討論,為什么人們總是不能在工作和生活之間實現一個平衡呢?

                        大家能想到的原因可能是多方面的,比如在物質層面上,大家總是想多掙錢,于是只好拼命工作;在社會層面上,競爭壓力增大,大家只能努力工作不至于掉隊。

                        正如唐老師多次講過的那樣,在分析原因這類題目中,原因都可以從物質、心理和社會這樣幾個層面中去找,這樣大家就不至于找不到理由,而是能夠找到很多有意義的內容來寫。歸根到底,寫作不是背幾個模板的事情,而是表達思維的問題。大家應該把精力放到如何拓展自己的思維方面,不要把寶貴時間用于記憶模板,那對你的寫作能力有百害而無一益。

                        至于解決辦法,從淺層次,我們可以考慮建議人們不要過于追求物質生活;在深層次,我們可以提供一些具體建議,比如可以集中精力認真工作幾天,然后留出時間從事其他活動,同時也要注意找到自己的工作-生活平衡模式,而不要盲目跟著別人走,因為每個人情況不同,每個人的平衡模式也不同。

                        以上是唐老師的解題思路。請繼續閱讀唐老師是如何在語言層面上表達以上思路的。

                        老師筆記

                        01

                        Creating a work-life balance is critical to improving to people’s overall well-being, yet for many people in the modern age, to achieve such a balance is just a “mission impossible”. A few factors are responsible for the work-life imbalance, and the key to overcoming the imbalance is flexibility.

                        創造工作與生活的平衡對于改善人們的整體幸福感是至關重要的,然而對于現代的許多人來說,實現這種平衡只是一項“不可能完成的任務”。幾個因素造成了工作-生活不平衡,克服這種不平衡的關鍵是靈活性。

                        解析

                        (1)本段為開頭段,直接引入關于工作-生活不平衡的話題,并從總體上提出解決辦法。

                        (2)Well-being 福利;幸福

                        (3)Mission impossible 不可能完成的任務

                        (4)Be responsible for... 對......負責;造成,引起......

                        (5)Flexibility 靈活性

                        02

                        Generally, more and more employees are experiencing conflicts between their career and personal roles. On the one hand, they are having excessive work responsibilities; while on the other hand, they are having responsibilities for other aspects of their lives. No matter how hard they attempt to reach equilibrium, they always fall short since employees everywhere are subject to the intense struggle between completing their daily work at hand and finding time for their loved ones. Meanwhile, those who wish to create a better life for their family often have to work extra hours in order to buy big houses and expensive cars, so that they can hardly find time for other aspects of life.

                        一般來說,越來越多的員工正經歷著職業生涯和個人角色之間的沖突。一方面,他們有過多的工作責任;另一方面,他們有對其生活其他方面的責任。無論他們多么努力地試圖達到平衡,他們總是不能做到,因為無論哪里的雇員都在深陷于激烈的沖突中,即完成手頭的日常工作與找時間與所愛的人一起之間的沖突。與此同時,那些想為家庭創造更好生活的人,往往需要加班才能買到大房子和豪車,因此很難為其他方面的生活找到時間。

                        解析

                        (1)本段論述工作和生活失衡的兩個原因,一是工作場所的競爭壓力,二是人們為了創造更好的生活條件而努力工作。

                        (2)Excessive 過多的

                        (3)Equilibrium 平衡

                        (4)Fall short 達不到目的

                        (5)Be subject to... 遭遇

                        (6)Work extra hours 加班

                        03

                        While people may be suggested living a simpler life so that they can enjoy more time for activities outside of their work, for me, the ability to maintain a work-life balance depends on flexibility. People should learn that work-life balance is less aboutneatly dividing the hours of the day between work and life and more about having the flexibility to get things done in their jobs while still having time to truly enjoy their personal lives, which means that some days they might have to work longer hours in order to have time later in the week to enjoy other activities. It must also be understood that there is no such a thing as the universal model of work-life balance (for people have different lifestyles), so people should be encouraged to find the kind of work-life balance that best suits their own circumstances.

                        雖然我們可以建議人們過更簡單的生活,這樣就有更多的時間從事工作之外的活動,但對我來說,保持工作-生活平衡的能力取決于靈活性。人們應該認識到,工作-生活的平衡指的并不是把一天中的時間在工作和生活之間截然分開,而是在工作中有足夠的靈活性完成工作,同時還有時間來真正享受他們的私人生活,這意味著在某些天他們可能需要工作更長時間,以便有空在余下時間享受其他活動。人們還應該理解,沒有一種普遍的工作-生活平衡模式(因為人們有不同的生活方式),所以應該鼓勵人們找到最適合自己境況的工作-生活平衡方式。

                        解析

                        (1)本段提出建議:人們應該具有靈活性,提出靈活性有兩個含義,一是在工作時間方面要有靈活性,二是在工作-生活平衡模式方面也要有靈活性。

                        (2)Maintain 保持

                        (3)Neatly 簡潔地;干脆地

                        (4)Universal 普遍的

                        (5)Suit 適合

                        04

                        In conclusion, despite the world-wide quest for work-life balance, not many people are able to achieve a perfect equilibrium. Flexibility is the first step and it can go a long way.

                        總之,盡管全世界都在尋求工作與生活的平衡,但沒有多少人能夠達到完美的平衡。靈活性既是第一步,以后也還有用。

                        解析

                        (1)結尾段,總結觀點:實現工作-生活平衡不易,但靈活性可以幫到我們很多。

                        (2)Despite 盡管

                        (3)Quest 追求(v./ n.)

                        向上滑動閱覽

                        7分范文

                        Creating a work-life balance is critical to improving to people’s overall well-being, yet for many people in the modern age, to achieve such a balance is just a “mission impossible”. A few factors are responsible for the work-life imbalance, and the key to overcoming the imbalance is flexibility.

                        Generally, more and more employees are experiencing conflicts between their career and personal roles. On the one hand, they are having excessive work responsibilities; while on the other hand, they are having responsibilities for other aspects of their lives. No matter how hard they attempt to reach equilibrium, they always fall short since employees everywhere are subject to the intense struggle between completing their daily work at hand and finding time for their loved ones. Meanwhile, those who wish to create a better life for their family often have to work extra hours in order to buy big houses and expensive cars, so that they can hardly find time for other aspects of life.

                        While people may be suggested living a simpler life so that they can enjoy more time for activities outside of their work, for me, the ability to maintain a work-life balance depends on flexibility. People should learn that work-life balance is less about neatly dividing the hours of the day between work and life and more about having the flexibility to get things done in their jobs while still having time to truly enjoy their personal lives, which means that some days they might have to work longer hours in order to have time later in the week to enjoy other activities. It must also be understood that there is no such a thing as the universal model of work-life balance (for people have different lifestyles), so people should be encouraged to find the kind of work-life balance that best suits their own circumstances.

                        In conclusion, despite the world-wide quest for work-life balance, not many people are able to achieve a perfect equilibrium. Flexibility is the first step and it can go a long way.

                        (342 words)

                        建議背誦的句子

                        1. Creating a work-life balance is critical to improving to people’s overall well-being, yet for many people in the modern age, to achieve such a balance is just a “mission impossible”.

                        創造工作與生活的平衡對于改善人們的整體幸福感是至關重要的,然而對于現代的許多人來說,實現這種平衡只是一項“不可能完成的任務”。

                        2. No matter how hard they attempt to reach equilibrium, they always fall short since employees everywhere are subject to the intense struggle between completing their daily work at hand and finding time for their loved ones.

                        無論他們多么努力地試圖達到平衡,他們總是不能做到,因為無論哪里的雇員都在深陷于激烈的沖突中,即完成手頭的日常工作與找時間與所愛的人一起之間的沖突。

                        3. While people may be suggested living a simpler life so that they can enjoy more time for activities outside of their work, for me, the ability to maintain a work-life balance depends on flexibility.

                        雖然我們可以建議人們過更簡單的生活,這樣就有更多的時間從事工作之外的活動,但對我來說,保持工作-生活平衡的能力取決于靈活性。

                        4. People should learn that work-life balance is less about neatly dividing the hours of the day between work and life and more about having the flexibility to get things done in their jobs while still having time to truly enjoy their personal lives, which means that some days they might have to work longer hours in order to have time later in the week to enjoy other activities.

                        人們應該認識到,工作-生活的平衡指的并不是把一天中的時間在工作和生活之間截然分開,而是在工作中有足夠的靈活性完成工作,同時還有時間來真正享受他們的私人生活,這意味著在某些天他們可能需要工作更長時間,以便有空在余下時間享受其他活動。


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